What happens in an STI test?


You can get a sexual health check-up from a doctor, a sexual health clinic or your Aboriginal Medical Service. Sexual health clinics offer confidential STI (including HIV) testing, treatment and information. Public sexual health clinics are free, you don’t need your Medicare card, and you can be anonymous (you don’t need to tell them who you are). Free condoms and lube are also available, along with injecting equipment from needle and syringe programs (NSPs).


There is a list of sexual health clinics, and Aboriginal Medical Services listed on this website.


When you go for a sexual health check-up, your doctor will ask you some questions about some of the sex you have had recently. 


A full sexual health check-up should include all of the tests listed below.


·       blood test for HIV

·       blood test for syphilis and hepatitis A and B and, depending on your risk, for hepatitis C

·       urine (pee) sample for gonorrhoea and chlamydia (best taken at least two hours after the last time you had a wee)

·       anal swabs for gonorrhoea and chlamydia

·       throat swab for gonorrhoea

·       physical examination for genital herpes, genital warts, crabs (pubic lice) and scabies


You may need to ask specifically for some of these tests.


If you have symptoms you may be offered different tests. An STI test can be done even if you do not have symptoms. The type of test you have is decided by the doctor. If you do not have any symptoms you will most likely have a urine (pee) test.


STI tests cannot be taken without your permission. Talk to your doctor or Aboriginal Health Worker if you are unsure what to be tested for. Test results will usually take seven to ten days to come back and you may have to make another appointment to receive these results in person. A face-to-face discussion with a doctor or counsellor is available and should be provided to you if you are receiving test results for HIV or hepatitis C.